Handling Broody Hens with Care


I. Introduction to Broody Hens

I. Introduction to Broody Hens

Broody hens are a fascinating aspect of chicken behavior. When a hen becomes broody, it means she is driven by her natural instinct to incubate eggs and raise chicks. This behavior can be both beneficial and challenging for poultry keepers, as broody hens require special care and attention.

During the brooding period, which typically lasts around 21 days, the hen will diligently sit on her clutch of eggs, keeping them warm and turning them regularly. This constant incubation helps in the development of the embryos inside the eggs.

It’s important to note that not all hens will go broody. Some breeds are more prone to broodiness than others due to their genetic predisposition. However, individual temperament also plays a role in determining whether a hen will become broody or not.

When a hen goes broody, her behavior changes significantly. She may become protective of her nest and exhibit signs such as puffing up her feathers, growling at anyone who approaches too closely, or even pecking if she feels threatened.

The Benefits of Broodiness

1. Natural Incubation: One of the primary benefits of having a broody hen is that she can naturally incubate fertilized eggs without requiring an artificial incubator.

2. Chicks Raised by Mother Hen: Brooding hens provide excellent maternal care for newly-hatched chicks once they emerge from their shells.

The Challenges with Broodiness

1. Reduced Egg Production: While being broody can disrupt egg production temporarily as the hen focuses on nesting instead of laying new eggs.

Caring for Broody Hens

1. Providing a Suitable Nesting Area: Create a cozy and secluded space with comfortable nesting materials where the broody hen can safely incubate her eggs.

2. Ensuring Adequate Nutrition and Hydration: Offer nutritious food and fresh water near the nest to ensure the broody hen’s health and well-being.


II. Signs of a Broody Hen

II. Signs of a Broody Hen

A broody hen is a hen that has the instinctual desire to sit on and hatch eggs. If you suspect that one of your hens might be broody, there are several signs to look out for:

1. Frequent Nesting

A broody hen will spend most of her time in the nest box, refusing to leave it even when other hens want to lay their eggs. She may become territorial and aggressive if approached or disturbed while nesting.

2. Puffed Feathers

Broody hens often puff up their feathers, making themselves appear larger than usual. This behavior is believed to help regulate their body temperature during the incubation process.

3. Clucking and Chattering

You might notice your broody hen clucking softly or chattering away while sitting on the nest. This vocalization is her way of communicating with her imaginary chicks inside the eggs.

4. Refusal to Leave Nest

A sure sign of broodiness is when a hen refuses to leave her nest, even for food or water breaks. She becomes dedicated and committed to incubating the eggs until they hatch.

5. Growling or Hissing

In some cases, brooding hens may growl or hiss at anyone who tries to remove them from their nests forcefully or disturb them in any way.

Overall, identifying these signs can help you determine whether your hen is truly broody so that you can take appropriate steps in managing her behavior and providing optimal care during this important period.

III. Understanding the Behaviour of Broody Hens

III. Understanding the Behaviour of Broody Hens

Broody hens can be a fascinating and sometimes challenging aspect of poultry keeping. When a hen becomes broody, she is essentially trying to hatch eggs and raise chicks. This behavior is driven by hormonal changes that result in her exhibiting protective and nurturing behaviors.

Recognizing Broodiness

It’s important to be able to identify when a hen is broody so that you can take appropriate measures if needed. Broody hens often display certain physical and behavioral signs. Physically, they may puff up their feathers, flatten themselves on the ground with wings slightly spread out, or even pluck feathers from their breast area to expose their warm skin for better egg contact.

Behaviorally, broody hens become very stubborn about staying on the nest for extended periods of time, refusing to leave even for food or water breaks. They will make distinct clucking sounds and may peck at anyone who tries to interfere with their nesting routine.

The Purpose Behind Broodiness

Understanding why hens become broody is essential in handling them with care. From an evolutionary standpoint, it’s nature’s way of ensuring the survival of offspring. When conditions are right – such as during spring when days are longer – a hen’s hormones trigger this behavior as part of her reproductive cycle.

A brooding hen will diligently incubate her eggs using body heat produced through prolonged sitting on the nest while turning them occasionally for proper development. The maternal instinct drives her actions as she prepares herself mentally and physically for motherhood.

Managing Broodiness Effectively

While some poultry keepers appreciate having broodies because they can raise new chicks naturally without artificial incubation, there may be times when their behavior becomes problematic. If you don’t have fertile eggs for them to hatch or if the timing isn’t right for raising chicks, managing broody hens becomes necessary.

One approach is to break the broodiness by discouraging the hen from staying on the nest. This can be done by removing her from the nest several times a day and limiting her access to dark and cozy nesting areas. You can also try placing ice packs in the nest to make it less inviting.

Another option is providing alternative activities that divert her attention and distract her from brooding. Offering treats, engaging in outdoor activities, or even temporarily separating her from other hens can help break the cycle of broodiness.


Understanding why broody hens behave as they do is crucial in effectively handling them with care. Recognizing their physical and behavioral signs will enable you to address their needs appropriately while ensuring overall flock health and productivity.

IV. The Importance of Handling Broody Hens Properly

IV. The Importance of Handling Broody Hens Properly

When it comes to handling broody hens, proper care and attention are essential for their well-being and the overall health of your flock. Broodiness is a natural instinct in hens where they develop a strong desire to hatch eggs and raise chicks. However, if not managed correctly, broody hens can become stressed, aggressive, or even suffer from physical ailments.

Promoting Good Health

To ensure the good health of your broody hens, it is crucial to provide them with suitable nesting areas that offer comfort and privacy. A secluded spot within the coop or a separate nesting box can help create an ideal environment for them to fulfill their mothering instincts without causing disruptions among other chickens.

Regular monitoring is also important during this period as broody hens tend to reduce their food intake significantly. Offer high-quality feed that includes all the necessary nutrients they require while taking into consideration their decreased appetite. Supplementing their diet with extra protein-rich treats like mealworms can be beneficial in maintaining their overall health.

Managing Aggression

Broody hens often display territorial behavior and may become aggressive towards other flock members who approach their nesting area or eggs. Separate the broodies from the rest of the flock by using temporary barriers or individual enclosures until they successfully hatch chicks or break out of their broodiness.

If you need to handle a broody hen during this time, do so gently while avoiding sudden movements that could startle her. Remember that she may be protective over her nest and eggs; therefore, it’s important not to provoke any unnecessary aggression.

Potential Health Issues

An extended period of being broody can lead to various health issues for hens. These include weight loss, malnutrition, dehydration, and weakened immune systems. To prevent such complications, encourage broody hens to take short breaks from the nest by gently coaxing them out of their nesting area for brief periods throughout the day.

During these breaks, provide fresh water and offer tempting treats that can help replenish their energy levels. Additionally, maintaining a clean and hygienic nesting environment is crucial to prevent the buildup of bacteria or parasites that could harm both the mother hen and her potential chicks.

V. Tips for Safely Moving Broody Hens

Moving broody hens can be a delicate process that requires careful handling to ensure the safety and well-being of both the hen and her eggs. Here are some helpful tips to follow when moving broody hens:

1. Choose the Right Time

It’s important to choose the right time to move a broody hen, preferably during the evening or night when she is less active. This will minimize stress and make it easier to handle her.

2. Prepare a Secure Container

Prior to moving your broody hen, prepare a secure container such as a pet carrier or large box with proper ventilation holes. Line it with soft bedding material like straw or shavings for added comfort.

3. Approach Calmly and Confidently

Approach your broody hen calmly and confidently, speaking in soothing tones as you gently scoop her up from behind without startling her. Keep in mind that she may be protective of her eggs, so proceed with caution.

4. Support Her Properly

Safely cradle your broody hen by supporting both her body and legs securely in your hands while avoiding putting pressure on her abdomen or chest area where the eggs are located.

5. Keep Her Comfortable During Transport

To keep your broody hen comfortable during transport, place her gently into the prepared container, ensuring there is enough space for movement but not too much that she may become unsteady or injured while on the move.

6. Minimize Jolts and Vibrations

Avoid sudden movements, jolts, or vibrations during transportation, as these can cause stress and potentially harm the eggs. Keep the container stable and secure to provide a smooth ride.

7. Provide Adequate Ventilation

Ensure that the container has sufficient ventilation to prevent overheating or suffocation. This is especially important during warmer weather or if transporting over longer distances.

8. Maintain Temperature Control

If you need to transport your broody hen in colder temperatures, consider providing extra insulation by placing a blanket or towel around the container to help maintain warmth.

9. Avoid Disturbing Her Nesting Area

Once you’ve safely moved your broody hen to her new location, avoid disturbing her nesting area for at least a day or two to allow her time to adjust and settle into her new surroundings.

Moving broody hens requires patience, care, and attention to detail. By following these tips, you can ensure a safe and stress-free experience for both your broody hen and her precious eggs.

VI. Providing the Right Environment for Broody Hens

When handling broody hens, it is essential to create a suitable environment that supports their natural instincts and promotes successful incubation. By providing the right conditions, you can ensure your broody hens have the best chance of successfully hatching their eggs.

1. Choosing a Quiet and Safe Location

To encourage your broody hen to settle down and focus on incubating her eggs, it is crucial to select a quiet and safe location for her nesting area. This will minimize disturbances and stress that could potentially interrupt the incubation process.

2. Ensuring Optimal Temperature

Maintaining an optimal temperature is vital for successful egg incubation. The ideal temperature range for most domestic chicken breeds is between 99°F (37°C) and 102°F (39°C). Regularly monitor the temperature in the nesting area using a reliable thermometer, making any necessary adjustments to keep it within this range.

3. Providing Adequate Ventilation

Adequate ventilation is crucial to prevent excessive moisture buildup in the nesting area, which can lead to health issues for both the hen and developing chicks. Ensure there is proper airflow without causing drafts or exposing them to extreme weather conditions.

4. Offering Comfortable Nesting Material

In order for your broody hen to feel comfortable during her extended stay on the nest, provide soft bedding material such as straw or wood shavings. This will help cushion her body while maintaining appropriate humidity levels around the eggs.

5. Allowing Sufficient Space

Broody hens need enough space around them so they can comfortably move about while caring for their eggs. Ensure the nesting area is large enough for the hen to shift positions and stretch her legs without disturbing the eggs.

6. Regularly Checking Food and Water

While broody hens may reduce their food and water intake, it is essential to regularly check that they have access to fresh food and clean water nearby. This will ensure their well-being during this crucial incubation period.

7. Minimizing Disturbances

Avoid unnecessary disturbances around your broody hens, as this can disrupt their focus on incubating the eggs. Keep other animals away from the nesting area, limit human interaction, and discourage excessive noise in their vicinity.

8. Monitoring Health and Hygiene

Regularly monitor your broody hen’s health while she is on the nest. Check for signs of illness or parasites that could affect both her and the developing chicks. Maintain good hygiene by keeping the nesting area clean to minimize contamination risks.

By providing a suitable environment for your broody hens, you are setting them up for success in their natural incubation process. Creating a quiet, safe space with optimal temperature, ventilation, comfortable bedding material, sufficient space to move around, access to food and water, minimal disturbances, and proper health monitoring will greatly enhance their chances of successfully hatching healthy chicks.

VII. How to Break a Broody Hen

Dealing with a broody hen can be challenging, but with the right approach, you can break her broodiness and get her back to normal. Here are some effective methods:

1. Isolate the broody hen

Separate the broody hen from the rest of the flock and place her in a separate coop or cage. This will help break her connection to the nesting area and discourage her from sitting on eggs.

2. Remove any eggs she is sitting on

Gently take away any eggs that she is trying to hatch. This will prevent new ones from being laid and reinforce that there won’t be any chicks hatching under her.

3. Keep her cool

Broody hens tend to stay warm, so keeping them cool can help break their broodiness. Make sure they have access to fresh water, provide good ventilation in their coop or cage, and avoid using materials that retain heat.

4. Interrupt her nesting behavior

If you notice your broody hen returning to nest repeatedly, try gently moving or distracting her whenever she does so. By interrupting this behavior pattern, you can gradually discourage it.

5. Increase physical activity

An active hen is less likely to become broody, so encourage physical activity by providing toys or objects for pecking and scratching around in the enclosure where she’s kept.

6. Adjust lighting conditions

Increase daylight hours for your flock by using artificial lighting if necessary. Broody hens may become more active when exposed to longer periods of light, helping them snap out of their broodiness.

7. Offer a dust bath

Providing a dust bath for the broody hen can help distract her and redirect her focus. Use fine sand or dirt mixed with wood ash to create an inviting spot for her to bathe and preen.

8. Break the broodiness gradually

If all else fails, you may need to break the broody behavior gradually by allowing the hen to sit on fake eggs or golf balls for decreasing durations of time each day until she loses interest completely.

Remember, breaking a broody hen’s behavior requires patience and consistency. By implementing these methods, you can help your hen return to normal activity and maintain a healthy flock.

VIII. Frequently Asked Questions about Handling Broody Hens.

Here are some common questions about handling broody hens and the best practices to follow:

1. How can I tell if my hen is broody?

A broody hen will exhibit certain behaviors such as sitting on a nest for extended periods, puffing up her feathers, and hissing or pecking when approached.

2. Should I let my hen become broody?

This depends on your goals as a poultry owner. If you want to hatch chicks naturally, allowing your hen to become broody can be advantageous. However, if you don’t have a rooster or don’t want more chicks, it’s best to discourage broodiness.

3. How long does a broody period last?

A typical brooding period lasts around 21 days, which is the incubation time for most chicken eggs.

4. Can I break a hen’s broodiness?

Yes, it is possible to break a hen’s broodiness by using various methods like isolating her from the nest box or placing her in wire-bottomed cage where air circulation cools down her underside.

5. Are there any health risks associated with prolonged broodiness?

Prolonged periods of being broody can lead to weight loss and decreased overall health in hens due to reduced food intake and physical strain.

6. How do I encourage my non-broody hens to lay eggs regularly?

To encourage regular egg laying in non-brooding hens, make sure they have access to high-quality feed with sufficient calcium levels and provide them with a comfortable nesting area.

7. Can I move broody hens to a different nest box?

It is generally not recommended to move broody hens to a different nest box as it can disrupt their nesting instinct and cause stress, potentially leading them to abandon the eggs.

8. Should I allow my broody hen access to food and water while on the nest?

Absolutely! It’s important to provide your broody hen with easy access to fresh food and water so that she can maintain her health during this time.

9. What should I do if my broody hen rejects newly hatched chicks?

If your broody hen rejects newly hatched chicks, you may need to intervene by providing an alternative heat source, such as a heat lamp or heating pad, until the chicks are strong enough to regulate their own body temperature.

10. How many times can a hen go broody in one year?

The frequency of broodiness varies among chicken breeds, but most hens will go through multiple cycles of being broody in a year if conditions are favorable for breeding.

Remember that handling broody hens requires patience and understanding of their natural instincts. By following these guidelines, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge needed for successfully managing your flock’s reproductive behavior.

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